In the early twentieth century animal welfare and a desire to represent nature truthfully became a priority in zoological gardens and natural history museums. With the advent of photography as a method to accurately record nature, scientists and naturalists brought back images from the field. These were used as guides to design displays to re-create natural habitats. Animals, plants and other objects were carefully placed, and backgrounds molded and painted, to encourage visitors to see and, in turn, to photograph the animals themselves, as if they were experiencing the natural world.
Read the full article at F-Stop Magazine.